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Supernovas & SNR
X-ray Astronomy Field Guide
Supernovas & SNR
Questions and Answers
Supernovas & SNR
Chandra Images
Supernovas & SNR
Animations & Video: Supernovas & Supernova Remnants
Click for high-resolution animation
1. Crab Nebula 3-D Motion Simulation
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This simulation shows the Chandra X-ray image of the Crab Nebula which fades to a model that rotates, then fades back to the X-ray image. The model of wisp motions includes wisps moving into a +/- 5 degree wedge at 0.53c.
[Runtime: 0:41]
(Animation: NASA/CXC/ASU/J.Hester et al.)

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2. Animation Of Crab Nebula Geometry And Structure
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This artist's conception shows how material from the rotating, magnetized neutron star at the heart of the Crab Nebula is flung outward and along the axis to form a thick ring and jets.
[Runtime: 0:16]
(NASA/CXC/A.Hobart)

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3. Comparison of 3C58 and the Crab Nebula
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In this series of X-ray images, the strong similarities between the center of 3C58 and the Crab Nebula pulsar -- one of the most famous objects in astronomy -- are shown. The 3C58 pulsar, the Crab Nebula pulsar, and a growing list of other pulsars offer dramatic proof that strong electromagnetic fields around rapidly rotating neutron stars are powerful generators of both high-energy particles and magnetic fields.
[Runtime: 0:22]
(3C58: NASA/CXC/SAO/P.Slane et al.; Crab: NASA/CXC/ASU/J.Hester et al.)

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4. 3C58: Layers of Chandra's 3-Color Image
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n this sequence, the individual layers that comprise the Chandra 3-color image of 3C58 are shown. The red layer represents the lower-energy X-rays, green shows the medium-energy range, and blue reveals the highest-energy X-rays observed by Chandra.
[Runtime: 0:20]
(NASA/CXC/SAO/P.Slane et al.)

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5. Multi-wavelength Look at 3C58
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This sequence compares Chandra's X-ray image of 3C58 with the views seen by optical and radio telescopes. The intricate X-ray loops in the Chandra image and the features in the radio images of 3C58 extend a dozen light years from the pulsar, likely representing the complex magnetic field structure there.
[Runtime: 0:32]
(X-ray: NASA/CXC/SAO/P.Slane et al.; Optical: DSS; Radio: NCSU/S.Reynolds)

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6. SUPERNOVA EXPLOSION (with Dissolve to Cassiopeia A)
QuicktimeMPEG This animation of a supernova explosion dissolves into the Chandra First Light Image, Cassiopeia A.
[Runtime: 0:31]
(Animation: NASA/CXC/D.Berry & A.Hobart)

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7. SUPERNOVA EXPLOSION
QuicktimeMPEG When a massive star explodes, it creates a shell of hot gas that glows brightly in X-rays. These X-rays reveal the dynamics of the explosion.
[Runtime: 0:16]
(Animation: NASA/CXC/A.Hobart)

Click for high-resolution animation
8. SN 1987A Animation
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The animation illustrates the events following the supernova 1987A outburst. The blue ring is previously observed material ejected from the star thousands of years ago. The expanding orange and yellow shell is multimillion degree, X-ray emitting gas produced by the explosion. Portions of the blue ring light up when struck by the X-ray shell.
[Runtime: 0:22]
(Animation: NASA/CXC/D.Berry)

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9. Three Chandra Views of Cassiopeia A
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This sequence shows three different sets Chandra observations of Cassiopeia A. The first image is Chandra's "First Light" image, which was released in August 1999 as the observatory's first major science image. This 5,000-second-long observation then dissolves into another image created from Chandra that contained data from 50,000 seconds of X-ray data released in 2002. Finally, the new one-million-second observation of Cassiopeia A is seen, revealing spectacular new detail and complexity to the supernova remnant.
[Runtime: 0:16]
(NASA/CXC/GSFC/U.Hwang et al.)

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10. Kepler's SNR: Views from Chandra, Hubble & Spitzer
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The composite image of Kepler's Supernova Remnant splits into its three components: blue & green for the Chandra X-ray Observatory, yellow for the Hubble Space Telescope, and red for the Spitzer Space Telescope. Each observatory's full image is then shown side-by-side for comparison, beginning with Chandra, then Hubble, and finally Spitzer.
[Runtime: 0:27]
(NASA/JPL/Caltech/R.Hurt)

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