Q&A: General Astronomy and Space Science
As the planet Earth is accumulating meteoric dusts in tons
every day, will not the mass of the Earth increase?
If so, does it affect its spin? Does the gravity get affected?
You are right, as dust from the cosmos
falls on the Earth, the Earth does gain mass. Even the tiniest
particle of dust will cause the Earth's mass to increase very slightly.
And spin does depend on the mass of the object that is spinning.
However, the mass of the Earth is so great compared with the mass of
dust falling onto it that this change is negligible. It is hard to
imagine how large the numbers are that describe astronomical bodies,
including our planet, but they are so big that even several thousand
tons of dust per day has almost no effect on the object as a whole.
For the record, the mass of the Earth is approximately 5.97 times 1024
kilograms - remember that one million is 1 times 106, so the mass of
the Earth is measured in millions of millions of millions of millions