Chandra X-ray Observatory - HomeAbout The ChandraEducational MaterialsField GuidePhoto AlbumPress RoomResources
Chandra X-ray Observatory - HomeChandra Photo Album - You are here
ObservatoryImages by DateImages by CategorySky MapConstellationsSpecial FeaturesChandra Zoom-insImage HandoutsScale Bar ImagesTutorial Chandra Images & False Color Note on Cosmic DistanceCosmic Look Back TimeScale & DistanceScale & Angular MeasurementImage Use
Web Site ToolsVisit the Chandra ChroniclesEmail NewsletterSite MapNew & NoteworthyImage Use PolicyQuestions & AnswersGlossaryDownload Guide

CENTAURUS A - NGC 5128

What Do These Images Tell Us?

Centaurus A in X-ray Centaurus A - Optical Centaurus A - Infrared Centaurus A - Radio
Cen A gets its name from radio astronomy. It is one of the first radio sources to be identified with a galaxy- NGC 5128. As the nearest active radio galaxy, it has been well studied by astronomers and is considered a prototype of a major class of "low-luminosity" active galaxies.
X-ray
Centaurus A in X-ray
Angular size of the box = 15 arc min, corresponding to 50,000 light years
Photo:NASA/CXC/SAO
The Chandra X-ray image of Cen A shows a bright source in the nucleus of the galaxy, which is probably due to a supermassive black hole. The bright jet extending out from the nucleus to the upper left is due to explosive or highly energetic activity around the black hole which ejects matter at high speeds from the vicinity of the black hole. A faint "counter jet" extending to the lower right can also be seen. This jet is probably pointing away from us. Numerous point-like sources of X rays are also apparent. These are probably due to neutron stars or black holes that are accreting matter from nearby companion stars.
Optical
Centaurus A - Optical
Angular size of box = 7.5 arc min, corresponding to 25,000 light years
Photo:AURA/NOAO/NSF
Optical images show that NGC5128 is an elliptical galaxy with huge dust lanes across the middle of the galaxy. This has led astronomers to speculate that Cen A was the site of a merger between a small spiral galaxy and a large elliptical galaxy several hundred million years ago. The optical radiation is primarily from stars.
Infrared
Centaurus A - Infrared
Angular size of box = 10 arc min, corresponding to 38,000 light years
Photo:2 MASS
The infrared image gives a better view of the dust lanes, as well as the brilliance of the central source. The infrared radiation is produced by cool stars with temperatures of "only" a few thousand degrees Celsius, and by dust that has been heated to a few hundred to a thousand degrees.
Radio
Centaurus A - Radio
Angular size of box = 12.5 arc min corresponding to 42,000 light years
Photo:NRAO/AUI
The radio image shows striking jet-like structures that flare out from the center of the galaxy. These structures have been traced well beyond the galaxy out to distances of 600,000 years. The total length of the radio jet shown here is about ten arc minutes, or about 30,000 light years in length. The radio emission is produced by the synchrotron process, in which high-energy electrons radiate as they spiral around the magnetic field of the galaxy.


Return to Centaurus A (25 Oct 99)

Chandra Images: '08 | ' 07 | ' 06 | ' 05 | ' 04 | ' 03 | ' 02 | ' 01 | ' 00 | ' 99 | Images by Category


separator line
CXC Home | Search | Help | Site Map | Image Use Policy | Privacy & Accessibility | Downloads & Plugins
Latest Images | New & Noteworthy | Multimedia | Flash Ecards | Glossary | Q&A | Guestbook


RSS Feed RSS Feed | Podcast Podcast | Blog Blog

[News by email: Chandra Digest]
[Contact us: cxcpub@cfa.harvard.edu]
NASA's Home Page Smithsonian's Home Page CXC Home Page Image Map for NASA's, Smithsonian and Chandra's Home Pages
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
Phone: 617.496.7941 Fax: 617.495.7356


Text Size:
normal font large font larger font
Chandra X-ray Center, Operated for NASA by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory
This site was developed with funding from NASA under Contract NAS8-39073.
Revised: March 24, 2008