The number 16 can be pretty special. For many people, their 16th birthday is cause for celebration: perhaps an opportunity to drive a car, a time to think about the next steps of education, or simply accumulating more knowledge and information about the world around them.
This summer, NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory celebrates its own "sweet 16." July 23rd marks Chandra's birthday, as it was launched aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia and then deployed into space on this day sixteen years ago. In August, Chandra will pass the 16th anniversary of another milestone in the mission - the release of the "First Light" images from the telescope (see Cassiopeia A below).
To mark these coming-of-age moments for Chandra, we've assembled some facts about where Chandra and the scientists who use this Great Observatory find themselves on this auspicious birthday. For example, do you know how far Chandra has traveled since its launch? Or how many scientific papers its data have produced? What about how many objects this extraordinary X-ray telescope has looked at?
Thanks to all of the amazing discoveries Chandra has made over its first 16 years in orbit and operations, this birthday does seem exceptionally sweet.
Chandra has had its driver's license for a while now.
Chandra has covered a tremendous distance
since launch. As of July 1st, 2015, Chandra has traveled over
17 billion miles while completing about
2,200 orbits of the Earth.
To put that number in context, the farthest distance between
Pluto and the Earth is about 4.6 billion miles.
Chandra has been marking educational milestones.
Working days and nights and over weekends, Chandra has made over
14,000 observations over the last 16 years.
The targets include objects as close as the Earth and as distant as black holes near
the edge of the observable Universe. These observations have resulted in more
than 6,000 research papers in science journals, an average
rate of about a paper a day, a good reward for all of that hard work.
(Photo: X-ray: NASA/MSFC/CXC/A.Bhardwaj & R.Elsner, et al.; Earth model: NASA/GSFC/L.Perkins & G.Shirah)
Chandra has been busy hanging out with friends.
One thing that is often true about teenagers: they enjoy being with their friends and socializing. The Chandra X-ray Observatory is no exception. While Chandra doesn't physically hang out with its telescopic buddies - some of which are orbiting in different parts of space and others that are found on the ground around the world - they do get together virtually. This means that Chandra's data are often combined with those from other telescopes to both make scientific discoveries and generate some spectacular images.